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Wastewater Compliance and Enforcement Activities


The Department’s compliance activities encompass various tools necessary to evaluate the compliance status of a facility. These activities range from a review of their Discharge Monitoring Reports (DMR), to various types of on-site facility compliance inspections.

Compliance Inspections

In order for the Department to adequately evaluate a facility’s overall compliance status, several types of on-site inspections are performed by district staff. These inspection types may range from a simple facility overview to a detailed inspection and file review and/or a laboratory audit. The inspections may also involve comprehensive biological and chemical sampling designed to determine compliance with both permit requirements and assess whether there are any impacts to water quality. Based on the results from onsite inspections and review of past monitoring data, the Department can provide a more reliable and comprehensive evaluation of a wastewater facility’s overall compliance status. Below is a brief description of the types of compliance inspections the department may conduct:

  • Compliance Evaluation Inspection (CEI) - The CEI is a non-sampling inspection designed to verify permittee compliance with applicable permit self-monitoring requirements and compliance schedules. The CEI examines both chemical and biological self-monitoring programs and is the basis for all other inspection types except the Reconnaissance Inspection (RI).
  • Compliance Sampling Inspection (CSI) - The CSI is one of the more intensive Compliance Evaluation type inspections and involves sample collection. Sample collection may be done to check a facility’s own sampling and laboratory analysis procedures, to check actual discharge rates, or to document the extent of a contaminated area or environmental damage.
  • Performance Audit Inspection (PAI) - The PAI is used to evaluate a facility’s self-monitoring program. It is used to verify a facility’s reported data through an in-depth records review and laboratory evaluation. The inspector evaluates the facility’s sample collection techniques, flow calibration/determinations, laboratory analysis procedures, techniques and reporting
  • Reconnaissance Inspection (RI) - The RI is used to provide a preliminary overview of a facility’s compliance program by performing a brief visual inspection of the facility’s treatment works, effluent and receiving water or land application site. The RI is the least intensive of all inspections.

Enforcement Activities

Each enforcement case is handled directly by the appropriate District Office, with the assistance of the Office of General Counsel. Enforcement activities are tracked in Department databases and those relating facilities subject to National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) requirements are also tracked in the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA's) Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS).

  • For specific information on the Department’s enforcement process and the different options available to the Department, please refer to the Department's Enforcement Manual.

Other Monitoring and Compliance Related Activities

There are other monitoring and compliance-related activities related to wastewater not performed by or regulated through the Department that may be of interest as well.

Department of Health's (DOH's) Environmental Laboratory Certification Program
The DOH ELCP is a recognized accrediting authority for the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP) and certifies all laboratories according to the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) standards.

Department of Health's (DOH's) Beach Monitoring Program
DOH's Beach Water Monitoring Program (also known as Florida Healthy Beaches Program) provides weekly sampling data for fecal coliform as well as enterococci bacteria for all 34 of Florida's coastal counties.

Sanitary Sewer Overflow Prevention: USEPA's Region 4 Water Enforcement MOM Program
The Management, Operation and Maintenance (MOM) Programs Project is a pilot enforcement approach developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPAs) Region 4 to bring municipal sewer systems into full compliance with the Clean Water Act by eliminating sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs) from municipal sewer systems.

Contact Information
For more information related to compliance and enforcement activities, you may wish to contact the appropriate District Office.

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Last updated: June 30, 2015

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