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Best Management Practices, Public Information, and Environmental Education Resources

 

 

Best Management Practices

Urban & Golf Pollution Prevention

  1. Instructor Manual for the Florida-Friendly Best Management Practices for Protection of Water Resources by the Green Industries (2010 - 3.3 mb)
    The GI-BMP Instructor Manual is a component of the Florida-Friendly Best Management Practices for Protection of Water Quality by the Green Industries (GI-BMP) program. It has two main purposes: 1) it contains the GI-BMP program’s official concepts, guidelines and standards; and 2) it provides instructors with tools and tips on how to deliver the GI-BMP training effectively. This manual should be used as a guide to assist certified instructors with organizing and delivering GI-BMP classes.
  2. Florida-Friendly Best Management Practices for Protection of Water Resources by the Green Industries (5.7 MB) 2010
    Update to the 2002 and 2008 editions of the Green Industries BMP manual. A Spanish language version, Mejores Prácticas de Manejo Para La Protección de Los Recursos Hídricos Por Parte de Las Industrias Verdes (4.9 MB) is also available.
  3. The Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Handbook and other FYN publications - (5.6 MB) (File not on FDEP Website)
    This is the new 2009 edition from FDEP and the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ Program. Describes how to minimize nonpoint source pollution from landscapes, especially residential ones. This 52 page book is an integral part of the Florida Yards and Neighborhoods (FYN) program being implemented throughout of the state by the Cooperative Extension Service, Water Management Districts, and many others. Primary distribution is through County Extension Offices, or the Statewide FYN program, especially for program cooperators. [ older children, adults]
  4. Florida Friendly Guidance Models for Ordinances, Covenants, and Restrictions – (598K)
    This manual, a joint Florida-Friendly Landscape document from FDEP and the University of Florida, was just released in January 2009. The book contains two ordinance models addressing nonpoint sources of pollution from landscapes, one of which is more comprehensive and includes water conservation and other issues, and one of which only addresses fertilizer application. Both are reflective of many findings of the 2007 Consumer Fertilizer Task Force. In addition, model Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions, prepared by the UF College of Law for the Florida Friendly Landscape program, are included to provide guidance for private developers, homeowners associations, and others.

    The Model Ordinance For Florida-Friendly Fertilizer Use On Urban Landscapes - (173 KB) has been revised in 2010 to reflect changes to various laws, correct errors and clarify wording, and incorporate new research results. Communities are urged to use this new version for fertilizer ordinances intended to comply with Section 403.9337, Florida Statutes. FDEP is working to bring the other model ordinance up to date and add new models to the book; and will republish the full “Florida Friendly Guidance Models for Ordinances, Covenants, and Restrictions” as soon as possible. The current DRAFT “2014 Florida Friendly Guidance Models for Ordinances, Covenants, and Restrictions” is available for review and use as guidance.  Please send all comments to Dr. Mike Thomas at michael.thomas@dep.state.fl.us by the end of 2014.

  5. Best Management Practices for Enhancement of Environmental Quality on Florida Golf Courses 2007, 2009. ( 2.1 MB)
    This 136 page book discusses possibilities for environmental stewardship and pollution prevention at golf courses. It supersedes and expands upon the 1995 BMP document. This new document was written by FDEP in coordination with the Florida Golf Course Superintendents Association, Audubon International, the University of Florida, and many others. It is designed for used by superintendents, managers, and employees; developers and designers; planners and regulators; and concerned citizens. For convenience, the checklist, (Appendix E), is available separately. (Please note that the 2009 dated printing is identical to the previous 2007 edition except for minor error corrections and should be considered identical for any regulatory purposes. The 2009 cover date was the result of a miscommunication during the printing process and is not considered a revised edition.)
  6. Best Management Practices for Golf Course Maintenance Departments (1.2 MB)
    This 1995 document discusses possibilities for pollution prevention by the maintenance departments. Currently out of print, it may be read online or downloaded and printed. Some references on concrete sealing and chemical protection for pesticide mixing and loading facilities are obsolete. The new 2007 Golf Course manual is available but this manual is retained as it has more detail in some areas and is widely referenced in out-of-state publications. Some telephone numbers and such have been updated.
  7. Memorandum of Agreement
    Between FDEP and UF/IFAS for review of equivalent BMP training Programs per s. 403.9338 F.S.

Agricultural Pollution Prevention

In addition to the publications below, any BMPs that have been or may be adopted by Rule, along with other informative documents, are located at the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Office of Water Policy web site.

  1. Small-Scale Horse Operations: Best Management Practices for Water Resource Protection in Florida.  (6 mb)  October 2013.  This manual is intended for use by horse and pony owners who do not typically operate as a business and are characterized as “noncommercial.”  It is an educational tool to provide guidance to small-scale, noncommercial horse owners on equine management practices that will help minimize nonpoint source pollution and protect Florida’s water resources.  It is available in print from DEP and UF-IFAS County Extension offices at no charge.
  2. Good Neighbor Guidelines for On-farm and Off-site Application of Livestock Waste (2002 - 122kb)
    This 8 page booklet by FDEP, FDACS, and many others touches on a number of " good neighbor" practices that can be followed when applying livestock waste to the land. It will help the farmer to avoid complaints and help non-farming neighbors and city officials to understand what practices can be reasonably expected. It also contains a list of contacts to get personal help or for more specific information. [Farmers and ranchers, horse owners, rural/suburban area citizens.]
  3. Best Management Practices for Agrichemical Handling and Farm Equipment Maintenance (692K)
    This 1998 document is a cooperative effort between state and federal agencies, the agricultural industry, and the land grant universities. The document discusses practices for pollution prevention on the farm. It is an educational, not a regulatory, document and has been well received by the industry. The third printing in March 2000 has brought the total to 50,000 copies. It is the intent of the Department that every farmer in the State of Florida read and use this document. It is available at no charge through the Extension Service offices, Soil and Water Conservation District offices, FDEP offices, the Florida Farm Bureau, and several trade organizations.
  4. Best Management Practices for Blended Fertilizer Plants (1997 - 616K)
    This joint document by the FDEP, FDACS, and the Florida Fertilizer and Agrichemical Association discusses practices for pollution prevention by the blended fertilizer industry, including both manufacturers and dealers. It may be read online or downloaded and printed.
  5. A Guide on Hazardous Waste Management for Florida’s Agricultural Pesticide Users
    Booklet produced by FDEP Hazardous Waste Compliance Assistance Program and the Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management (Nov. 1997 print). Offers tips on how to comply with federal and state hazardous waste regulations, how to avoid penalties by properly managing hazardous wastes, and how to save money on disposal costs by reducing hazardous wastes. [pesticide users; business owners] 
  6. Pesticide Chemical Mixing Centers
    FDACS tri-fold brochure describing chemical mixing centers (CMC), their benefits, who should use, how to build, and how to use. References are included. [pesticide users]
  7. Coating Concrete Secondary Containment Structures Exposed to Agrichemicals
    A 1995 Tennessee Valley Authority publication by Michael F. Broder and Duy T. Nguyen that addresses the issue of sealing or coating concrete when used in pesticide secondary containment structures to provide an effective barrier to pesticide movement into soil and water. Because concrete is easily penetrated by vapors and solvents, is prone to cracking, and has chemical properties that make it susceptible to corrosion by some common fertilizers, this study guidance contains important information. [large quantity agrichemical users]
  8. Pesticides and Ground Water Investigations
    Prepared by Steve Dwinell and D. M. Tterlikkis, FDER Pesticides and Data Review Section, August 1992. This 78 page document may be helpful to those who are interested in determining if contamination of ground water or surface water has occurred as a result of pesticide application, storage, or disposal of a pesticide-related waste product. Information is provided on the availability of analytical techniques for the detection of pesticide residues in environmental water samples. [consultants, researchers, technical persons]

Silviculture Pollution Prevention

  1. "Silviculture Best Management Practices" - A 98 page manual prepared by the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 1993. Establishes the BMPs for silviculture operations in Florida. [foresters and other technical people]

Reports, Brochures, Handouts, Videos, and Training Aids

General NPS Management

  1. Color the Coast
    A 16 page coloring book describing coastal ecosystems and management problems they face. Prepared by the Citizens Advisory Committee on Florida’s Coastal Resources Management. Produced by Wilderness Graphics. 1980. [great for young children]
  2. FAIRS (Florida Agricultural Information Retrieval System)
    Disc 9, a two volume CD-ROM release in February 1995 by the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS); contains over 3,000 Cooperative Extension Service publications on a variety of topics, including agricultural safety, animal science, coastal plants, energy conservation, home economics, irrigation, pest control, pesticide toxicology, soil and water science, turfgrass, sugarcane production, vegetable gardening, waste management and recycling, and weed identification; Volume 1 contains most documents pertaining to commercial operations, Volume 2 has information for the homeowner, the pest control guides, and other topics; available for use by FDEP employees only (NO LOANS), others may obtain information through the County Extension Service offices or from the UF-IFAS or via their Web page [older children with specific interests; adults] 
  3. Florida's Plan for Implementation of Nonpoint Source Components of Total Maximum Daily Loads  (1998 - 359K)
  4. Florida State Committee for Environmental Education Directory of Members' Environmental Education Resources (2000)
    A directory of all Florida agencies with environmental education programs and available resources and materials.  Lists contacts.  40 pages.
  5. Florida's Nonpoint Source Management Program, January 2000
    (2.7 MB) Approved by USEPA, this document outlines the state's programs and a series of five-year action plans to reduce nonpoint source pollution in Florida. Future Section 319 grant funds must be spent on activities set forth in this program.
  6. Take It Back
    Video on stewardship of the Earth set to Pink Floyd song of the same name; approx. 5 mins.; for distribution to groups only [upper elementary age to older children; adults]
  7. Pointless Personal Pollution
    (145K)- 8-1/2" X 11" customizable color tri-fold brochure; covers nonpoint sources of pollution and what individuals can do to reduce the problems [older children; adults; local governments]
  8. Eastman and Laird's Teenage Ninja Turtles Storm Drain Savers
    8-1/2"x11" black & white coloring book; covers the purpose of storm drains and how individuals can keep them clean; photo-copiable [children of all ages]
  9. Waterfront Property Owners Guide
    Glossy 40 page color publication by Scheinkman, Livingston, and Knecht (2002); homeowner tips on how to protect waterbodies and how to solve water quality problems; photocopiable [older children with interest; adults] (3.4 MB)
  10. EnviroScape Training Aid
    EnviroScape-portable model with landscape (25"x30"x5"); allows hands-on demonstrations of nonpoint and point sources of water pollution and ways to prevent pollution problems; includes a guide and materials; additional supplies of  a minor nature may be required; comes in a large suitcase with wheels; available models include the Basic Nonpoint Source, the Wetlands, the Coastal, and the Hazardous Wastes; LOAN ONLY. [children of all ages; adults wanting to learn the basic concepts]
  11. Florida Home*A*Syst: A Homestead Assessment System
    Bulletin 314 from the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). A self-assessment program for rural homeowners to help them assess the risks their activities pose to their drinking water with recommendations on how to reduce nonpoint source pollution of surface and ground waters. Booklet is an intergral part of the Florida Home*A*Syst program being implemented throughout the state by the Cooperative Extension Service. Limited quantities, primary distribution is through County Extension Offices, especially for program cooperators. The Home*A*Syst materials also have been put on the CD-ROM #12 of the UF/IFAS Florida Information Retrieval Service (FAIRS) and on the world wide web where it has its own home page (http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/ha/HSITECH1.PDF). Home*A*Syst materials are also available for downloading on http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/home_a_syst.htm [ older children, adults]
  12. Stormwater Loading Rate Parameters for Central and South Florida
    A 59 page report prepared by Harvey H. Harper, Ph.D.,P.E., of Environmental Research and Design, Inc., Revised October 1994. An updated literature review of stormwater loading rate parameters for use in Central and South Florida. Stormwater related hydrologic and water quality information are summarized for eight common stormwater pollutants in twelve separate land use categories. [water resource professionals]
  13. Section 319 Success Stories Volume III: The Successful Implementation of the Clean Water Act’s Section 319 Nonpoint Source Pollution Program
    A 250-page report compiled by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency in 2002. Initiated in 1994, this publication picks up reporting on success stories since the 1997 volume. Many examples are provided of documented water quality improvements, improved fisheries, reduced loadings, and increased public awareness as a result of Section 319 funding. Includes approximately two stories per state and stories from territorial and tribal areas. [very limited supply, suitable for general as well as technical audiences]
  14. Clean Boating Habits-CLEAN BOATER
    This 7”x5” 24-page FDEP handbook offers ideas that can have positive effects on water resources, ranging from fueling and boat cleaning practices to exotic plant/sealife and fish waste management. It speaks to boaters about personal stewardship and the Clean Marina Program. [boaters] 
  15. A Big Difference for Boaters and Clean Water is Florida’s Clean Vessel Act” - A four-fold brochure produced by the FDEP Division of Law Enforcement Clean Vessel Act Grant Program that discusses the impacts of improper disposal of human sewage from boats and the applicable regulations related to this issue. First printing April 2000. [recreational boaters]
  16. The Florida NPDES Stormwater Permitting Program for Industrial Activity
    A tri-fold brochure that provides answers to questions about industrial activities that are regulated under the program, the requirements of the generic permit, obtaining permit coverage, and the No Exposure Exclusion. 
  17. The Florida NPDES Stormwater Permitting Program for Construction Activity
    A tri-fold brochure that provides answers to questions about construction activities that are regulated under the stormwater permitting program for construction activity, requirements of the generic permit, and how generic permit coverage is obtained. Example Best Management Practices are also included.
  18. How to Judge ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING for SUBDIVISIONS: A Citizen's Guide
    45 page booklet by INFORM (1981); purpose is to help individuals not professionally trained to be able to evaluate land development plans [older children with interest; adults]

Agriculture

  1. Memorandum of Agreement for Best Management Practices for Blended Fertilizer Plants
    This joint document by the FDEP, FDACS, and the Florida Fertilizer and Agrichemical Association lays out the responsibilities of each party for pollution prevention and environmental stewardship by the blended fertilizer industry, and the agreements made by FDEP and FDACS to that end.
  2. Florida Farm*A*Syst: A Farmstead Assessment System
    Bulletin 305 from the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). A self-assessment program for farm families to help them assess the risks their activities pose to their drinking water with recommendations on how to reduce nonpoint source pollution of surface and ground waters. Booklet is an intergral part of the Florida Farm*A*Syst program being implemented throughout the state by the Cooperative Extension Service. The Farm*A*Syst materials also have been put on the CD-ROM #11 of the UF/IFAS Florida Information Retrieval Service (FAIRS) and on the world wide web where it has its own home page.  Limited quantities, primary distribution is through County Extension Offices, especially for program cooperators. [ older children, adults]
  3. A Demonstration of Efficient Nutrient Use Through Improved Grazing Techniques (679K)
    This document is a tri-fold brochure about the rotational grazing project at Okeechobee High School.   Also see the 319(h) project closeout for FY 1996 Contract WM660  (474K) for solar watering stations and electric fencing under Section 319(h) grant funding.
  4. Comprehensive Nutrient Management Planning - Technical Guidance  (200 K) 
    This USDA-NRCS Document was issued December 1, 2000.  CNMP Technical Guide for NRCS staff, extension agents, farmers/ranchers/dairymen, and regulators.

Silviculture

  1. Effectiveness of Forestry Best Management Practices - Biological Assessment
    A 50 page report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection Biology Section, December 1997. Funded in part by a Section 319 Nonpoint Source Management Program grant from the U.S. EPA. Based on use of the Stream Condition Index (SCI). [limited supply, foresters, biologists, other technical people]
  2. Florida’s Silviculture BMP Compliance Survey - 1995 Report
    A 43 page report prepared by Jeff Vowell and Tom Gilpin of the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, August 1996. The survey evaluated over 4000 BMPs on 187 sites within 55 Florida counties. The eighth in a series of biennial surveys begun in 1981, the format is significantly expanded in scope and size and is designed to be compatible with the new BMP manual. [limited supply, technical audience]

Urban Stormwater Management

  1. Stormwater Irrigation Volume III: Transport of the Cyanotoxin Microcystin in Ground Water beneath Stormwater Ponds: Results of Soil Column Experiments (Final Report PDF 864 kb)
    This research, performed by the University of Central Florida Stormwater Management Academy, examines the movement of Microcystin into ground water from stormwater systems through the use of soil columns. Results recommend that a two to four foot thick sand bed should be used to remove Microcystin from stormwater used for irrigation.
  2. Save The Swales (282K)
    8-1/2"x11" trifold brochure in black & white; covers runoff, purpose and importance of swales, and what individuals can do to help reduce polluted runoff [older children; adults]
  3. A Citizen’s Guide to Stormwater Ponds
    8-1/2"x11" trifold color brochure, produced by the Southwest Florida Water Management District, that provides basic information about wet detention ponds and the plants, both desirable and undesirable, that grow in them. [older children, adults]
  4. Characterization of Stormwater Contaminated Sediment and Debris for Determining Proper Disposal Methods
    Prepared by John Cox, Sherry Allick and Emilia Be of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection Industrial Waste Section, August 1997, Revised August 13, 1998. A report with separate appendices document detailing characteristics of sediment and debris from a wide variety of treatment systems and background samples of native soils. Discussions of proper handling and disposal options. [technical audience]
  5. Stormwater Management: State of the Environment
    Glossy 16 page publication by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (1997 reprint) provides a concise description of the stormwater problem and the watershed management and restoration programs underway to help keep Florida’s waterways clean. [older children, adults]
  6. Urbanization and Streams: Studies of Hydrologic Impacts
    EPA publication 841-R-97-00 (December 1997).  This 15 page report on documentation of water quality problems from hydrologic impacts due to urbanization, as opposed to anecdotal information, was derived form a literature search. [technical audiences and government officials]
  7. Characterization of Street Sweepings, Stormwater Sediments, and Catch Basin Sediments, in Florida for Disposal and Reuse (Final Report - 384 KB)
  8. Evaluation Of Analytical Data Characterizing Street Sweepings, Stormwater Sediments And Catch Basin Sediments (Final Revision 1 - 261 KB)
  9. Guidance For The Management Of Street Sweepings, Catch Basin Sediments And Stormwater System Sediments (Final Report - 216 KB)
  10. Model Local Government Stormwater Management Program (December 1993 - 2.1mb)
    This 59 page document provides a brief summary of the impacts caused by urban stormwater discharges; the evolution of Florida’s stormwater and watershed management program; the roles played by DEP, WMDs, and local governments in regulating and managing stormwater; and a description of the key elements of a local government stormwater management program.
  11. Stormwater Management: A Guide for Floridians (1991 - 6.9MB)
    Glossy 72 page publication by Livingston & McCarron covers all aspects of the subject in terms lay people can understand; [older children or adults with true interest in learning about this topic]

Urban Stormwater/Nonpoint Source BMP Research Reports - The Florida Watershed Restoration Act Provides Funding to DEP to conduct research on the design, implementation, and effectiveness of BMPs to reduce pollutant loading from urban nonpoint sources of pollution, especially stormwater discharges.  The reports are listed below:

  1. Floating Wetland Systems for Nutrient Removal in Stormwater Ponds (August 2012, 3.6mb)
    Final report by UCF Stormwater Management Academy on the ability of floating treatment wetlands (FWT) to increase nutrient removal effectiveness in wet detention systems.   FTW nutrient removal was measured in microcosms, macrocosms, and two wet detention systems.  Planting media for the FWT also were evaluated.  All media used to support the plants were acceptable, but expanded clay and tire crumb media was most cost effective, plants were sustained, and plant growth was superior to the use of other media. The plants that should be used to sustain removal were recommended with a diversity of plants recommended. The plants should also be replaced at least once a year. For Florida conditions, the replacement was recommended in the fall when runoff into the wet ponds is reduced significantly relative to the summer rainy season. The removal of plants was also supported by the finding that toxins were produced when the FTW was not removed late in the year and when runoff was relatively low. This is due to the fact the FTW was more efficient in removing nutrients than the algal masses. Thus some of the algal masses died and their toxins were released. The FTW pond area coverage recommended was 5% but when additional nutrient loads were added to the wet detention pond (as an example, from a fountain) a 10% area coverage was recommended. The additional credit for concentration reduction from the deployment of a FTW in a wet detention pond was recommended as 12%. The credit assumes plant selection, area coverage, pond location, and maintenance recommendations are followed.
  2. Green Residential Stormwater Management Demonstration: An Integrated Stormwater Management and Graywater System to Reduce the Quantity and Improve the Quality of Residential Water Discharges, Post CO Data Analysis (December 2011 - 2.5 mb)
    Final report on the effectiveness of low impact design stormwater BMPs and a passive nutrient reducing septic tank in reducing the volume and pollutant load discharged from residential property. The data and evaluations in this report address the operation of a water cistern for harvesting stormwater and graywater; and the on-site sewage treatment and disposal from a residential home after it received the certificate of occupancy (CO).
  3. Nitrogen Transport and Transformation Beneath Stormwater Retention Basins in Karst Areas and Effectiveness of Stormwater Best Management Practices for Reducing Nitrate Leaching to Ground Water in Marion County, Florida (December 2011 – 6.0 mb)
    Final report on nitrogen transport and transformation beneath retention basins in Karst areas. Compares and contrasts nitrate leaching in two retention basins with very different infiltration rates. Describes the soil modification done to the rapidly infiltrating retention basin to increase nitrate removal and the results of the modification in reducing nitrate movement into the ground water and on the basin’s infiltration properties.
  4. Tangerine Avenue Retrofitting Project (January 2011 – 4.61 mb)
    Final report describing and documenting the construction and monitoring of the Tangerine Avenue retention system implemented by the City of Gulfport to reduce stormwater pollutant loadings discharged to impaired waters. Monitoring was conducted over a eight month period but only two storms resulted in a discharge from the system. Accordingly, due to the volume reduction associated with the infiltration of stormwater, the annual average annual pollutant load reduction is equal to 60% for all parameters.
  5. Poppleton Creek Stormwater Retrofitting Project (May 2010 – 1.1 mb)
    Final report describing and documenting the construction and monitoring of the Poppleton Creek wet detention system implemented by the City of Stuart to reduce stormwater pollutant loadings discharged to impaired waters. Monitoring was conducted over a nine month period but only two storms resulted in a discharge from the system due to significant ground water infiltration. Accordingly, during this period of time the system demonstrated high levels of load reduction for both TN (43%) and TP (87%).
  6. Baffle Box Effectiveness Monitoring Report (January 2010 – 2 MB)
    This final report summarizes the results of storm event monitoring of four baffle boxes to determine their stormwater pollutant removal effectiveness. Two first generation baffle boxes and two second generation, nutrient removal baffle boxes were monitored. On average, the stormwater pollutant load effectiveness of first generation baffle boxes was only 0.50% for TN and 2.3% for TP, while the load reduction effectiveness of the second generation baffle boxes was 19.05% for TN and 15.50 for TP. Neither first nor second generation baffle boxes were effective in reducing fecal coliform loads.
  7. Holiday Shores Retrofit Project (July 2010 - 5.5mb)
    The Holiday Shores Retrofitting Project was a joint effort between Walton County and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection Bureau of Watershed Restoration with participation from local utility departments. Existing roadside ditches were reshaped into swales to provide pre-treatment of runoff and culverts were sized to better match the capacities needed for storm water conveyance. The watershed was divided into two sub-basins. About one-third of the contributing area was directed to a wet detention pond and the remaining two-thirds to a second generation baffle box for final treatment.
  8. Comparative Analysis of Greenroof Designs Including Depth of Media, Drainage Layer Materials, and Pollution Control Media (Sept 2008 - 2.5 mb)
    This research, performed by the University of Central Florida Stormwater Management Academy, evaluates differences in greenroof designs and provides recommendations with respect to the depth of the media, the drainage layer materials, and the use of pollution control media. The project investigated the water quality and hydrology effects of different greenroof designs and included a comparison study on the cistern water quality, direct filtrate water quality, and control roof filtrate water quality.
  9. The Effectiveness of Green Roof Stormwater Treatment Systems Irrigated with Recycled Green Roof Filtrate to Achieve
  10. Evaluation of the Performance Efficiency of the New York Avenue Exfiltration Facilty (July 2008 - 7.5 MB)
    This report summarizes activities associated with a stormwater retrofitting project in Winter Park consisting of an exfiltration system. The project was funded, in part, by a TMDL Water Quality Restoration Grant. The report describes the contributing drainage area, pre-project stormwater pollutant loadings, post-project stormwater pollutant loadings, and summarizes the results of the monitoring program to document stormwater pollutant load reductions. Results of the monitoring program demonstrated that the exfiltration system reduced stormwater volume, TN loads, TP loads, and TSS loads by 83%. TN loadings were reduced from 105.5 kg/yr to 17.9 kg/yr; TP loadings were reduced from 27.1 kg/yr to 4.6 kg/yr, and TSS loadings were reduced from 3252 kg/yr to 553 kg/yr.
  11. Shallow vs Deep Ponds FGCU Final Report (June 2008 - 316 KB) This report, prepared by Dr. Win Everham and David Ceilley of Florida Gulf Coast University, summarizes the results of monitoring conducted in deep and shallow wet detention systems in Southwest Florida to evaluate the influence of depth on water quality.
  12. Evaluation of Current Stormwater Design Criteria within the State of Florida (July 2007 - 5 MB)
    This report, prepared by Environmental Research and Design, Inc. (July 2007) evaluates the current design criteria of each of the WMDs and DEP to determine whether the minimum treatment level specified in 62-40, F.A.C. is being met. It provides updated information on rainfall patterns, land use specific event mean concentrations, and BMP effectiveness. It provides recommendations on a new performance standard of post-development nutrient loading shall not exceed pre-development nutrient loading and BMP design criteria that can acheive this level of treatment.
  13. Pollutant Removal with Peak and Volume Reduction in Florida (May 2007 -  779 KB)
    This research, performed by the University of Central Florida Stormwater Management Academy, evaluates the effectiveness of a Florida Green Roof-Cistern System in reducing stormwater volume and pollutants. It compares and contrasts data from the UCF Student Union Green Roof with data from green roof experimental chambers.
  14. Stormwater Effectiveness of an Operating Green Roof Stormwater Treatment System and Comparison to Scaled Down Green Roof Stormwater Treatment System Chambers (April 2007 - 1 MB)
    This research, performed by the University of Central Florida Stormwater Management Academy, evaluates the effectiveness of a Florida Green Roof-Cistern System and of green roof experimental chambers in reducing stormwater volume and pollutants.
  15. Hillsborough Filter Pilot Project (July 2006 - 2.7 MB)
    This report summarizes research conducted at the Talifero Stormwater Research site in Hillsborough County on coagulating agents that could improve the nitrogen removal efficiency of stormwater treatment BMPs. A zeolite filter pilot plant was operated over a 216 day period to evaluate its ability to enhance nitrogen removal from stormwater. When operated at a steady filtration rate of 192 gal/ft2-day, the zeolite filter was highly effective at removing ammonia, producing an effluent ammonia nitrogen concentration of 0.07 mg/L, and removing 93% of ammonia and 32% of total inorganic nitrogen.
  16. Stormwater Irrigation Volume I: Evapotranspiration and Nitrate Reduction After Biofiltration to Reduce Health Risks (February 2006 -  4 MB)
    This research, performed by the University of Central Florida Stormwater Management Academy, used field experiments to determine the evapotranspiration and impacts on ground water of nitrogen of stormwater used to irrigate St Augustine lawns.
  17. Stormwater Irrigation Volume II: Cyanobacteria Counts with Toxin Concentrations in StormwaterPonds and After Biofiltration to Reduce Health Risks (February 2006 - 13 MB)
    The second phase of the research on stromwater reuse by the Stormwater Management Academy. This report summarizes information on the levels of total and potentially toxin Cyanobacteria and the Microcystin toxins that may be present in stormwater ponds. It also examines the potential reduction of these constituents by sand filtration so that the stormwater can be reused for nonpotable purposes.
  18. Microbial Source Tracking: Tools for Refining Total Maximum Daily Load Assessments (November 2005 - 1.6 MB)
    This report summarizes the results of an investigation undertaken by Dr. Jody Harwood, University of South Florida, to test the usefulness of recently developed Microbial Source Tracking (MST) methods for determining the dominant sources of indicator bacteria in rural and urban land uses. The MST methods evaluated were (1) creation of a library of genotypic fingerprints of Enterococcus spp., (2) detection of the human-associated esp gene of Ent. faecium by PCR, (3) detection of a human-associated Bacteroides strain by PCR for the 16S rRNA gene, and (4) detection of a ruminant-associated Bacteroides strain by PCR for the 16S rRNA gene.
  19. Quantifying the Effect of a Vegetated Littoral Zone on Wet Detention Pond Pollutant Load Reduction (September 2005 - 2.4 MB)
    This report describes an investigation sponsored by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), in which DB Environmental, Inc., with assistance from Community Watershed Fund, evaluated the potential of littoral zone vegetation to enhance contaminant removal performance of a wet detention pond.
  20. Stormwater Intelligent Control System (August 2005- 2.7 MB)
    Water restrictions, pollution control, volume balances, and the emergence of stormwater utilities have lead to the development of an automated intelligent system (“I-Water”) for water use and control. With the use of this system, water stored in stormwater ponds or in the surficial aquifer is not discharged to surface waters because it is used to meet water demands, such as, lawn irrigation, environmental protection, agriculture, drinking and industrial uses.

Model Ordinances

  1. Model Ordinance for the Installation, Maintenance, and Operation of Sensing Devices on Automatic Landscape Irrigation Systems (208 KB - December 2009)
  2. Florida Friendly Guidance Models for Ordinances, Covenants, and Restrictions – (598k)
    This manual, a joint Florida-Friendly Landscape document from FDEP and the University of Florida, was just released in January 2009. The book contains two ordinance models addressing nonpoint sources of pollution from landscapes, one of which is more comprehensive and includes water conservation and other issues, and one of which only addresses fertilizer application. Both are reflective of many findings of the 2007 Consumer Fertilizer Task Force. In addition, model Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions, prepared by the UF College of Law for the Florida Friendly Landscape program, are included to provide guidance for private developers, homeowners associations, and others.

The Model Ordinance For Florida-Friendly Fertilizer Use On Urban Landscapes - (173 KB) has been revised in 2010 to reflect changes to various laws, correct errors and clarify wording, and incorporate new research results. Communities are urged to use this new version for fertilizer ordinances intended to comply with Section 403.9337, Florida Statutes. FDEP is working to bring the other model ordinance up to date and add new models to the book; and will republish the full “Florida Friendly Guidance Models for Ordinances, Covenants, and Restrictions” as soon as possible.

  1. Landscape Water Conservation Ordinance Guidelines (37kb)
    Developed by the St. John’s River Water Management District in 2005 with Lake County. Addresses only reduced water usage. Does not address water quality, TMDLs, erosion, fertilization, etc.
  2. Sample Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Ordinance
    Citrus County sample ordinance for FYN program.
  3. Model Local Government Stormwater Management Program
    A 54 page report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection Stormwater/Nonpoint Source Management Section, December 1993. The report is organized to inform readers about the stormwater problem, to summarize the institutional framework of the state’s stormwater/watershed management programs, to summarize the roles of the DEP, WMDs and local governments with regards to the management of stormwater, and to provide recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of the stormwater program. [older children, adults, local government officials, and others highly interested in details of the state’s stormwater management program]

Bioassessment

  1. Stream Condition Index (SCI) Report - Fore, L. et al. 2007. Development and Testing of Biomonitoring Tools for Macroinvertebrates in Florida Streams. The statistical basis for SCI and Biorecon calculation SOPs(.pdf, 1.01 MB) This updates the Leska Fore’s 2004 report by the same name as well as the “Development of the Stream Condition Index (SCI) for Florida” by Tetra Tech (1996).
  2. Bioassessment of Florida’s Aquatic Ecosystems (1.41 MB)
    81/2"x11" trifold brochure in black & white prepared by Stormwater/Nonpoint Source Management Section (1998). Explains what a bioassessment is and how bioassessments can be used to evaluate the cumulative impacts of human activities within a watershed. [older children, adults]
  3. Florida Regionalization Project
    An 89 page report prepared by the U.S. EPA-Corvallis, August 1994. This report provides descriptions of three ecoregions and 13 subecoregions in Florida that are important for environmental resource inventory and assessment, for setting resource management goals, and for developing biocriteria and water quality standards. Limited availability. [adults and technical people]

Lake Management

  1. Lake Regions of Florida - EPA/R-97/127
    An 89 page report prepared by the U.S. EPA-Corvallis, August 1997. Provides the background and methods used to delineate the Florida Lake Regions. This is a support document for the poster described above. [limited availability, technical audience]
  2. Florida Lakes
    Glossy 32 page publication by Edmiston & Myers (1983); provides a description of lakes, their processes, and means of protection; limited quantities [older children with real interest; adults]

On-Site Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems

  1. On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems
    Evaluation of Nutrient Removal – Interim Report (January 2010 – 1.9 mb)  This interim report from the University of Central Florida provides the initial results of the monitoring of conventional OSTDS and innovative, passive, nutrient reducing OSTDS.  This project will continue through December 2010 when a final project report will be submitted.

Ordering Information

Ms. Patti Sanzone
Nonpoint Source Management
Florida Department of Environmental Protection
2600 Blair Stone Road (MS3570)
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2400
(850) 245-7511

Ms. Holly Powless
Nonpoint Source Management
Florida Department of Environmental Protection
2600 Blair Stone Road (MS3570)
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2400
(850) 245-7508


Nonpoint Source Management Program
2600 Blair Stone Road  Mail Station 3570
Tallahassee, FL, 32399-2400
Phone (850) 245-7508

Last updated: July 15, 2014

  2600 Blair Stone Road M.S. 3500   Tallahassee, Florida 32399   850-245-8336 (phone) / 850-245-8356 (fax) 
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